Indonesia is a huge and varied country with exceptional diving to be found in many places. Areas such as Komodo, Raja Ampat and Banda are becoming known as among the world’s best divedestinations. Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago containing 10 – 15 percent of the world’s coral reefs, and includes Bali, Sulawesi and Papua. This area combines thousands of islands, warm equatorial currents, and nutrient-rich up-swellings to create some of the most biodiverse marine ecosystems on the planet.
Although coastal communities have long used marine resources sustainably, population growth has increased pressure on reefs with particular threats being destructive fishing practices and sedimentation from inland sources due to deforestation. The case studies below show resorts and dive centres that are taking responsibility where they can, creating benefits the local community, environment and divers. In particular they are working on the creation of marine protected areas in conjuction with local communities to show in practice that the reefs can generate greater benefits through sustainable tourism than through one off destructive fishing.